Istituto di Fisica Applicata Nello CarraraGovernment


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Foundation: 2002

Mission: The Institute of Applied Physics "Nello Carrara" (IFAC) was born in Florence in 2002 from the union of the Institute of Research on Electromagnetic Waves, founded by Nello Carrara, with the Institute of Quantum Electronics. The merger created a strong single-location institute, operating in the fields of applied physics and ICT. IFAC's scientific-technological identity sees a core of expertise in physical technologies (optoelectronics and photonics, spectroscopy, electromagnetism), applied to the development of innovative devices and instruments, such as lasers, sensors, spectrometers, integrated photonic devices and nano photonics. These skills are integrated with engineering skills aimed at modelling environmental parameters and processing data and images. Competences in materials science and biotechnology complete the multidisciplinary panorama of available enabling technologies. IFAC therefore has within it all the research potential to accompany the technological development of innovative methods and devices, from the formulation and testing of the design idea (TRL 2-3) to its prototype realization and validation in the relevant environment of use (TRL 5-6). Many of the technologies developed are subject to patenting, which promotes technology transfer and industrial development. From this framework there is a very strong interaction with companies and end users (hospitals, space agencies, environmental protection and cultural heritage conservation agencies) who are able to incorporate innovation in an advanced state of development. The Institute is therefore highly competitive in the acquisition of external research funds, which guarantee it continuity in self-financing for the acquisition of new instrumentation and the recruitment of new human resources. Moreover, IFAC plays a primary role in supporting technology transfer programmes at regional, national and international level, providing innovation policy recommendations, high level consulting activities and supporting the training of technology transfer experts. This role is achieved through participation in the activities of networks, technology clusters and advisory bodies. IFAC's current lines of research and development cover significant applications in the sectors: => Health and Safety: - Photonic and biochemical sensors, such as lab-on-chips, micro-resonators, nanopoints for biomedical applications. - Food safety and quality evaluation using spectroscopic instruments and chemometric data processing. - Biophotonics and nanomedicine research on innovative microscopic techniques and minimally invasive laser therapies, including the development of laser-activated nanoparticles for cancer teranostics. - Studies on the well-being of intelligent environments for the improvement of citizens' quality of life and safety studies for human exposure to electromagnetic fields in living and working environments. => Space, Aerospace and Earth Observation: - Astrodynamic studies on evolution and impact hazard of spacecraft, space debris and asteroids. - Innovative passive or active aerospace instrumentation for remote sensing, together with advanced methods for remote sensing data processing. - Earth observation applications for vertical atmospheric survey and microwave remote sensing of natural surfaces (bio-geophysical parameters and cryosphere investigation). => Cultural Heritage => - Integrated spectroscopy and hyperspectral imaging from UV to THz-GHz range for the analysis of materials and the state of preservation of works of art. - Remote sensing based on LIDAR fluorescence for investigations of works of art and monuments. - Laser technologies for the cleaning of works of art and LIBS analysis in archaeometry.

Vision: Information not localized



Overall percentile


Research percentile


Innovation percentile


Societal percentile

Evolution of the institution

The following data gives a quick reading on the scientific performance in the last years. The research ranking refers to the volume, impact and quality of the institution's research output. The innovation ranking is calculated on the number of patent applications of the institution and the citations that its research output receives from patents. Finally, the societal ranking is based on the number of pages of the institution's website and the number of backlinks and mentions from social networks.

Compared to its context

The result of the evaluation of the institution can be compared to obtain a view of the country, the region to which it belongs and the institutions of the world, placing it in their respective positions.

Compared to All sectors (percentiles)
Compared to Government sector (percentiles)

Ranks by Subject area

We have divided the scientific output of the institution into 19 large areas of knowledge and the following table shows only the ranks in different territorial domains achieved by the institution in each of the areas. For an institution to have a presence in an area, it is necessary that it exceed in the last year a minimum output threshold equivalent to twice the percentage that this area represents in the world. If you need scientific indicators on these areas visit Scopus and/or SciVal

AreaWorldWestern EuropeEU-28OECDItaly
Chemistry 796th448th482nd700th86th
Computer Science 730th436th455th626th87th
Earth and Planetary Sciences 335th176th174th269th30th
Engineering 638th387th397th541st76th
Mathematics 692nd431st450th593rd82nd
Physics and Astronomy 676th424th429th602nd88th

Publishing profile

These are the journals used by the institution's researchers to publish their work in the last year. The size of each circle represents the value of the SJR of the publication, and its spatial position represents its subject matter.

This visualizatión allows you to identify the knowledge areas where the institution has published, recognize the prestige of the scientific journals in which the institution knowledge has been published, and identify predominant scientific communities.

Where is the institution located?

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