Istituto per le Applicazioni del Calcolo Mauro PiconeGovernment


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Foundation: 1927

Mission: Modern society is becoming increasingly complex, and new technologies are being developed more and more rapidly. In this context mathematics is not merely a language to describe scientific processes and technologies. Its real value lies much more in depth. The high level of abstraction of mathematics does not only increase theoretical insight, it also provides, at low costs, flexible methods, efficient algorithms and more accurate solutions. In other words, a correct and intelligent combination of mathematics and computing power opens up entirely new possibilities to deal with complexity and to design efficient solution techniques which meet with the flexibility requirements which are typical for today's applications. It is in this context that the Institute is working, in the firm belief that the CNR offers the best conditions in Italy for promoting this kind of activities. In fact the specific mission of the Institute is "to develop highly advanced mathematical, statistical and computational methods in order to solve, in a mostly interdisciplinary context, problems with strong relevance to society and industry". Applications can be found in many fields having direct impact on the society such as engineering (material science, turbulence, Bose-Einstein condensation, microflows), medical sciences and biology (medical image processing, genomics, the human immune system, blood flow), environment (analysis of satellite data for earth observation, modelling icefield processes on polar lithosphere), transportation (urban traffic modeling), finance and economics (optimization of the management of the Public Debt in Italy, micro-dynamics of financial markets), cultural heritage (degradation of ancient monuments), manufacturing (robotics, computer vision, scheduling problems), computer science (networks, security). For two different reasons interdisciplinarity is a key concept for the research at the Institute. The first - and most obvious - one concerns the intensive interaction between mathematics and applications. Mathematics does not only provide solutions for all sort of problems, but viceversa, complex real-world problems directly stimulate the development of new mathematical techniques and approaches. For example, practical problems in computer vision require the development of new theoretical and numerical methods in the field of calculus of variations; medical applications of magnetic resonance require the development of new results in both statistics and computational linear algebra; the simulation of the human immune system leads to new types of computational modeling. Even classical fields, such as fluid dynamics, when looked from a more general mathematical perspective, yield new methodologies of wide interdisciplinary applicability in science and engineering. The choice of the examples is arbitrary and many other examples can easily be added to the list.

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Overall percentile


Research percentile


Innovation percentile


Societal percentile

Evolution of the institution

The following data gives a quick reading on the scientific performance in the last years. The research ranking refers to the volume, impact and quality of the institution's research output. The innovation ranking is calculated on the number of patent applications of the institution and the citations that its research output receives from patents. Finally, the societal ranking is based on the number of pages of the institution's website and the number of backlinks and mentions from social networks.

Compared to its context

The result of the evaluation of the institution can be compared to obtain a view of the country, the region to which it belongs and the institutions of the world, placing it in their respective positions.

Compared to All sectors (percentiles)
Compared to Government sector (percentiles)

Ranks by Subject area

We have divided the scientific output of the institution into 19 large areas of knowledge and the following table shows only the ranks in different territorial domains achieved by the institution in each of the areas. For an institution to have a presence in an area, it is necessary that it exceed in the last year a minimum output threshold equivalent to twice the percentage that this area represents in the world. If you need scientific indicators on these areas visit Scopus and/or SciVal

AreaWorldWestern EuropeEU-28OECDItaly
Computer Science 686th412th419th582nd82nd
Earth and Planetary Sciences 660th403rd426th566th89th
Mathematics 635th393rd401st537th77th
Physics and Astronomy 682nd430th435th608th90th

Publishing profile

These are the journals used by the institution's researchers to publish their work in the last year. The size of each circle represents the value of the SJR of the publication, and its spatial position represents its subject matter.

This visualizatión allows you to identify the knowledge areas where the institution has published, recognize the prestige of the scientific journals in which the institution knowledge has been published, and identify predominant scientific communities.

Where is the institution located?

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